What rules decorations of Iranian arts have?
Each nation has indexes vales and achievements as a culture an
civilization which are recalled as art.Iran is one of ancient civilizations and is benefited honorably exalted place by this indexes and art works such as perspolice. Engraving of Rostam .Esfahan Mosque and etc.They are remain from generation who caused honorably and pride for this nation.This heritage must be honor and never caused today generations neglect and ignorance.
Persian art has had many different ups and downs such as:wars governmental changes and political evolutions: each one has influenced on Iranian art.
In history of Persian art one of effective evolutions happened in first halt 7 century A.D. Iran observed great happening i.e. the appearance of Islam. This accident was caused Iran is divided two times:ancient and Islamic time. In each time art works has been created that included specialties and rules. There are noticed similar specialties in some ones and other ones were different. But in so far as importance :these oeuvres include special artistic and cultural identity. Also this case is importance: some cases had in flenced art of other civilizations.
By considering of Persian art works it can be find ornament and decorative engravings are inseparable part of Persian art. This quality is more noteworthy in Islamic time: in fact it can be sid that Iranians have succeed more in presenting decoration that contain permanent features and rules.
One of methods in presenting decoration and imprinting of Persian arts is abstractive motifs that had been different times. Persian arts never had followed to visualize physical world and nature so that receive to senses and eyes but Persian artisr has propelled to abstractive motifs. Artist has given mani pattern from between plants animals objects and human model from nature: then Persian artist has mixed by belief and own idea and has changed as a art work. Something that we see in primitive arts of ancient civilizations: to brief and stylization are specials of models application in abstractive motifs as the creation of artistic works such as: earthen wares of Sialk Lorestanian bronzes in ancient time relief motifs of Perspolis in Achaemenian time oeuvres of metalworking and textile in Sassanian and motifs carpet designs titles and calligraphy in Islamic time.
So what still is noticed in Persian art and artists works: their characteristics are abstraction mtifs subjectivity and extemporization such as: design carpets tribal rugs with tapestries current lines in calligraphy and current geometry motifs in ancient architecture.These are subjectivity models and extemporarily motifs. A specialty presents in contemporary and modern today works: it comes from western culture but thing which is common: forms and figures are geometric and abstraction.
Repetition and Symmetry
Symmetry and repetition are other specials of decoration in Persian arts. In many cases: Persian artists use to exploit from repetition of from or motifs in a surface because of creating harmony proportion rhythm and beauty and then receive to symmetry and beauty. Tendency to symmetry and harmony phenomena are ancient specials of Iranians that is observed plenitude in their works and may be behold less in between oeuvres of other civilizations. Symmetry is a statement of regularity and relation in essence which is resulted between parts: an order is been from available order in the cosmos and it is part of visual and technical quality in Persian arts.
Argument of symmetry doesn’t brief in motifs and shapes whatever is found in Persian art according to aesthetics of Persian arts: it has different .Symmetry in value cubic and color are aspects of it in Persian arts.
A point is importance in argument of symmetry: creating a non-symmetry in symmetry. Sometimes in Persian works it is seen symmetric motifs that there are points and cases which is not symmetry and they create a kind of non-symmetry.
It is one principles and values that Persian arts accept them generally. Persian arts containsemantic unity in all fields. Abundance and unity are epitomes of semantic unity: this qualiy was more clearly in Persian arts in Islamic time. Persian artists did not like to remain empty place and without decoration:so they used to make design and motif in all surface and fields even some cases: they did not use to exaggerate. Persian arts understand empty place and uncrowned in oeuvres: caused to become more beauty and person decoration therefore they present to create emphasis and feeling of visual small designs and very dainty in simple and uncromned such as wares in Islamic time in Nishabour in 4 and 3 century A.H. It can be notice dainty design and small.
Other special of semantic unity is that Persian artist never disclose personage in side of own works but it has hidden in shadow of work. We see work artists and we don’t know artist. Artists intention and purpose has been eternal work without famous one. Persian exalted spirit is importance for artist that sometimes we see artists signature as unknown and is be written Alabd and Alfaeir.
Cultural and historical relationship
Techiques structure and Iranian decoration has followed national and patriotic history. Iranians favorite to culture and history and they have had deep feeling with culture and own art so that find subjects for painting and decoration from myths epics accounts legends and poetry. Shahnameh as Persian history identity and fable events accounts of heroes that all of them are wonderful story and lovely fables which have influenced them on designs and person decoration. For witness: in times of Ghaznavi Saljoughi Ilkhani Teymouri were Turkish origin but they try to suppose Persian artists so that is remained great works in own time.
Patience and peace
These cases are specials and rules in Persian arts that was in side creators of Persian arts works. For receipt of meaning is that we observed grandeur of Perspolis and Taghe Kasra or Mosques and dainty motifs billings and carpet swearing and then think about them. These works don’t create unless by ambition and protection of patience and peace that is clear and famous spirit of Iranians.
At last can be result that decorations of Persian arts follow rules and feature which is in separable part. This quality is caused beauty factor in Persian art and give in dependence and personage. Never art and decorations are separate in Persian art. How ever belief foreign and west is futile because Iran find meanings and exalted ones that is hidden.